Tip #154: Place of publication (260 field, subfield ‘a’)

When cataloging in Evergreen, the place of publication almost always means the city of publication. Transcribe the place of publication as it appears on the resource.

For clarification, you can add a qualifier such as state or country. If the qualifier does not appear on your item, put it in brackets. Use the Cataloging Calculator to look up the AACR2 abbreviation.

If the postal abbreviation is used on your resource, you can use that instead of the AACR2 abbreviation.


260 |a New York :
260 |a Brighton, Colo. : (AACR2 abbreviation for Colorado)
260 |a Parker, CO : (Okay to use the postal code abbreviation because it was used on the item)
260 |a Dortmund [Germany] : (In brackets because the country name was not on the item)

Note there is always a space before the colon.

Sometimes multiple places of publication are listed on the title page. If a United States location is on the list, but not first, always enter the first place given in the 260 and then add the U.S. location in a second subfield ‘a’.

If, for example, the title page reads:

Dorling Kindersley
London, Toronto, New York

Your record should look like:

260 |a London ; |a New York : |b Dorling Kindersley, |c 1993.

(A second subfield ‘a’ is always preceded by a semicolon.)

If there are multiple locations listed and the United States is first, you do not need to list any other locations.

If the place of publication does not appear on your item but you’re pretty sure of the location, put it in brackets with or without a question mark. If you really don’t know where it was published, enter [S.I.]:

260 |a [United States?]
260 |a [S.I.] :

If the item has not been published, do not even enter a subfield ‘a’. You can just enter the date in a subfield ‘c’:

260 |c 2010.
260 |c [2009?]

Remember, the place of publication in the 260 field must match the Ctry code in the fixed fields. If there is more than one subfield ‘a’, enter the code for the first place listed. If the place of publication is unknown, enter ‘xxu’. You can find the Ctry codes by using the Cataloging Calculator and selecting the Country Codes search option.
Originally published on October 27, 2012.

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See Also


MARC Fields